The battle of Lone Pine on August 6, , saw seven Australians awarded the Victoria Cross as they took heavily fortified Turkish trenches; it was followed a day later by the futile diversion at The Nek, where hundreds of men were mown down in waves. Both actions were part of the August Offensives — the last major Allied push at Gallipoli.
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The operation saw all the extremes of war, from bravery to bumbling one unit got hopelessly lost and missed the start — ask John Monash about that , desperate hand-to-hand fighting underground at Lone Pine Archie Barwick saw plenty of this , mass charges on the heights of Chunuk Bair and a new seaborne landing by the British. It has been a huge success, with 49, followers and a hashtag seen 50 million times across Facebook, Twitter and Instagram — details at www.
The Australians reached the front-line Turkish trench with light losses, but were startled to find it roofed over with wooden beams and earth.
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While some soldiers tried to break through, others jumped into uncovered communication trenches. By nightfall, the Australians held part of the Turkish trench system, but they had to defend these gains against determined counterattacks. A vicious battle developed in the warren of trenches, with grenades a principal weapon, sometimes thrown back and forth three times before exploding.
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Evacuation of the wounded was near impossible; many died where they lay. By 10 August, the Australians were in control of the trenches, but their success had no strategic significance, and the overall stalemate remained unbroken.
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Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Others advanced as far as "the Cup" which was where Turkish support units were located and from where the Turks counter-attacked. By nightfall, most of the enemy front line was in Australian hands and outposts had been established in former Turkish communication trenches. Having captured the Turkish trenches, the Australians now tried to hold what they had taken while the Turks desperately and determinedly tried to throw the Australians out.
From nightfall on 6 August until the night of 9 August a fierce battle ensued underground in the complex maze of Turkish tunnels.
The Australians succeeded in drawing the whole of the immediate Turkish reserve.